“Freehand” drawings to portray certain concepts qualitatively. Instead of directly representing data, they are visualising the current knowledge.
Ecological recovery of flora following destruction by ash deposition from the 1883 eruption of Krakatau in Indonesia.
A schematic diagram illustrating the main terrestrial and oceanic responses to volcanic ash deposition.
Depth comparison of prominent places in the Earth’s oceans measured from the sea level down.
Height comparison of prominent mountains on the Earth measured from their base to their peak.
A schematic highlighting the formation of the Puysegur trench, New Zealand, where subduction zone initiation may be both horizontally and then vertically driven, according to a 4D evolution model of this margin.
The two overarching geodynamic modelling philosophies: Specific modelling and generic modelling.
Manuscript structure for a geodynamic numerical modelling study following the IMRAD structure.
Different model complexities for the heart (top) and the Earth (bottom).
Potential options for geodynamic model simplification.